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Home » Библиотека » Network » ICMP type numbers and codes
Вернуться в «Библиотеку» Типы и коды пакетов ICMP

ICMP type numbers and codes (last updated 2009-04-30)

Оригинальная версия документа находится здесь.

Registries included below:

  • ICMP Type Numbers
  • Code Fields
  • ICMP Extension Objects Classes

The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) has many messages that are identified by a "type" field.

Type Name Reference
0 Echo Reply [RFC792]
  Codes  
  0 No Code  
1 Unassigned [JBP]
2 Unassigned [JBP]
3 Destination Unreachable [RFC792]
  Codes  
  0 Net Unreachable [RFC792]
  1 Host Unreachable [RFC792]
  2 Protocol Unreachable [RFC792]
  3 Port Unreachable [RFC792]
  4 Fragmentation Needed and Don't Fragment was Set [RFC792]
  5 Source Route Failed [RFC792]
  6 Destination Network Unknown [RFC1122]
  7 Destination Host Unknown [RFC1122]
  8 Source Host Isolated [RFC1122]
  9 Communication with Destination Network is Administratively Prohibited [RFC1122]
  10 Communication with Destination Host is Administratively Prohibited [RFC1122]
  11 Destination Network Unreachable for Type of Service [RFC1122]
  12 Destination Host Unreachable for Type of Service [RFC1122]
  13 Communication Administratively Prohibited [RFC1812]
  14 Host Precedence Violation [RFC1812]
  15 Precedence cutoff in effect [RFC1812]
4 Source Quench [RFC792]
  Codes  
  0 No Code  
5 Redirect [RFC792]
  Codes  
  0 Redirect Datagram for the Network (or subnet)  
  1 Redirect Datagram for the Host  
  2 Redirect Datagram for the Type of Service and Network  
  3 Redirect Datagram for the Type of Service and Host  
6 Alternate Host Address [JBP]
  Codes  
  0 Alternate Address for Host  
7 Unassigned [JBP]
8 Echo [RFC792]
  Codes  
  0 No Code  
9 Router Advertisement [RFC1256]
  Codes  
  0 Normal router advertisement [RFC3344]
  16 Does not route common traffic [RFC3344]
10 Router Solicitation [RFC1256]
  Codes  
  0 No Code  
11 Time Exceeded [RFC792]
  Codes  
  0 Time to Live exceeded in Transit  
  1 Fragment Reassembly Time Exceeded  
12 Parameter Problem [RFC792]
  Codes  
  0 Pointer indicates the error  
  1 Missing a Required Option [RFC1108]
  2 Bad Length  
13 Timestamp [RFC792]
  Codes  
  0 No Code  
14 Timestamp Reply [RFC792]
  Codes  
  0 No Code  
15 Information Request [RFC792]
  Codes  
  0 No Code  
16 Information Reply [RFC792]
  Codes  
  0 No Code  
17 Address Mask Request [RFC950]
  Codes  
  0 No Code  
18 Address Mask Reply [RFC950]
  Codes  
  0 No Code  
19 Reserved (for Security) [Solo]
20-29 Reserved (for Robustness Experiment) [ZSu]
30 Traceroute [RFC1393]
31 Datagram Conversion Error [RFC1475]
32 Mobile Host Redirect [David Johnson]
33 IPv6 Where-Are-You [Bill Simpson]
34 IPv6 I-Am-Here [Bill Simpson]
35 Mobile Registration Request [Bill Simpson]
36 Mobile Registration Reply [Bill Simpson]
37 Domain Name Request [RFC1788]
38 Domain Name Reply [RFC1788]
39 SKIP [Markson]
40 Photuris [RFC2521]
  Codes  
  0 Bad SPI  
  1 Authentication Failed  
  2 Decompression Failed  
  3 Decryption Failed  
  4 Need Authentication  
  5 Need Authorization  
41 ICMP messages utilized by experimental mobility protocols such as Seamoby [RFC4065]
42-252 Unassigned [JBP]
253 RFC3692-style Experiment 1 (*) [RFC4727]
254 RFC3692-style Experiment 1 (*) [RFC4727]

(*) It is only appropriate to use these values in explicitly-configured experiments;
they MUST NOT be shipped as defaults in implementations.
See RFC 3692 for details.

ICMP Extension Objects Classes and Class Sub-types - per [RFC4884] Registration Procedures:

0-246 First Come First Serve
247-255 Private Use
Object
Class
Value
Class Name Reference
1 MPLS Label Stack Class [RFC4950]
  Sub-types [RFC4950]
  C-Type  
  0 Reserved [RFC4950]
  1 Incoming MPLS Label Stack [RFC4950]
  0x02-0xF6 Available for assignment [RFC4950]
  0xF7-0xFF Reserved for private use [RFC4950]
 
Allocation Policy: C-Type values for Class-num 1 are assignable on a
first-come-first-serve (FCFS) basis [RFC2434].

REFERENCES
[RFC792] Postel, J., "Internet Control Message Protocol", STD 5, RFC 792, USC/Information Sciences Institute, September 1981.
[RFC950] Mogul, J., and J. Postel, "Internet Standard Subnetting Procedure", STD 5, RFC 950, Stanford, USC/Information Sciences Institute, August 1985.
[RFC1108] Kent, S., "U.S. Department of Defense Security Options for the Internet Protocol", RFC 1108, November 1991.
[RFC1122] R. Braden, Ed., "Requirements for Internet Hosts -- Communication Layers", RFC 1122, October 1989.
[RFC1256] Deering, S., Editor, "ICMP Router Discovery Messages", RFC 1256, Xerox PARC, September 1991.
[RFC1393] Malkin, G., "Traceroute Using an IP Option", RFC 1393, Xylogics, Inc., January 1993.
[RFC1475] Ullmann, R., "TP/IX: The Next Internet", RFC 1475, Process Software Corporation, June 1993.
[RFC1788] W. Simpson, "ICMP Domain Name Messages", RFC 1788, April 1995.
[RFC1812] Baker, F., "Requirements for IP Version 4 Routers", RFC 1812, Cisco Systems, June 1995.
[RFC2434] T. Narten and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", RFC 2434, October 1998.
[RFC2521] P. Karn and W. Simpson, "ICMP Security Failures Messages", RFC 2521, March 1999.
[RFC3344] C. Perkins, Ed., "IP Mobility Support for IPv4", RFC 3344, August 2002.
[RFC4065] J. Kempf, "Instructions for Seamoby and Experimental Mobility Protocol IANA", RFC 4065, July 2005.
[RFC4727] B. Fenner, "Experimental values In IPv4, IPv6, ICMPv4, ICMPv6, UDP and TCP Headers", RFC 4727, November 2006.
[RFC4884] R. Bonica, D. Gan, P. Nikander, D. Tappan and C. Pignataro, "Extended ICMP to Support Multi-part Messages", RFC 4884, April 2007.
[RFC4950] R. Bonica, D. Gan, D. Tappan and C. Pignataro, "ICMP Extensions for MultiProtocol Label Switching", RFC 4950, August 2007.

PEOPLE
[JBP] Jon Postel, , September 1995.
[David Johnson]  
[Markson] Tom Markson, , September 1995.
[Simpson] Bill Simpson, , October 1995.
[Solo]  
[ZSu] Zaw-Sing Su
[]  

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